Many of us have heard of or dealt with swollen feet at one point in our lives, and because of that, we usually ignore it.
The issue is, there may be a bigger problem that we aren’t seeing under the surface. What are some of the causes for foot swelling?
What can we do to make sure that we aren’t suffering from it for long? When do we need to go to the doctor in order to get it checked out and taken care of as it should be? That’s what we’re going to look at here.
Swelling of the feet and lower legs is a consequence of “water weight” that is inside the tissues and muscles.
In people who are usually healthy, foot swelling happens infrequently and happens from time to time while resting, lifting, or moving the feet.
At the point when swelling lasts a long time, is extreme, or causes pain, it can result in some health issues.
These health issues include tightness, excruciating endless swelling, scar tissue, skin ulcerations, issues when trying to walk, an increase in the risk of other diseases in the foot, and a decline in blood flow.
The medicinal term for an intemperate swelling of the foot and lower leg is the word edema (which can also be used for other types of body swelling as well.
Edema can happen to anybody at any age, however is more normal among those over the age of 20.
Elderly individuals additionally encounter edema as a result of the wear and tear on their muscles and veins and from chronic conditions, like diabetes.
Athletes or individuals who participate in high impact exercises might additionally be exposed to edema. There are two sorts of edema.
The more common type of edema, which is called pitting edema, causes the skin to end up indented if the swollen territory is pushed n for a few seconds (thus causing “pits,” hence the name of the disorder). The “pit” will then gradually fill back in.
The other type of edema, called non-pitting, doesn’t do this. The swelling is by and large simple, and can happen in one or both feet.
In the event that you have edema that is causing you pain or that is making it difficult for you to walk or function, you will want to be sure that you take care of it as soon as possible and see a professional to help you take care of it.
So what actually causes edema on the top of the foot? There are a few reasons that you may end up dealing with this annoying and sometimes painful problem; here are some of the main ones that you may encounter.
- Certain medications can cause you to add on more water weight and swell, especially in your feet.
- Damage or trauma, for example, a sprain or broken bone
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Eating way too much salt in your diet
- Growing older
- Menstruation and/or PMS symptoms
- Other medical conditions not necessarily related to your feet (diabetes and other disorders can cause foot swelling).
- Pregnancy (and sometimes following pregnancy, before you drop your “baby weight.”)
- Residing in high elevations, or visiting for an extended period of time.
- Sitting or remaining in one position for an extended period of time
- Struggling with your weight, obesity, etc
An important note about weight gain and edema during pregnancy
Numerous women who are pregnant experience a quick increase in weight, which applies weight to the legs, lower legs, and feet, creating swelling.
If you experience unreasonable swelling during pregnancy, however, could be an indication of preeclampsia, which could prompt additional problems.
Swollen feet can additionally be an indication of an underlying condition, like we mentioned above. It is most closely related to kidney, heart, and liver issues.
These conditions produce an overabundance of liquids in the body. Different conditions that may cause swollen feet include:
- Bug bites or allergies
- Clotting of the blood
- Leg disorders
- Drug misuse and abuse
- Joint inflammation in ankles, legs, or feet.
- Not eating right
- Complications after leg or foot surgery
- Thyroid issues
- Allergic reactions to substances or medication
- Varicose veins
- Issues with the veins that make it difficult to pump blood properly.
Immense swelling of a foot or both feet may demonstrate an underlying issue. Look for prompt therapeutic consideration from your doctor if the swelling is joined by different manifestations, for example, redness, fever, or pain.
You ought to look for therapeutic treatment if the swelling has neglected to stop or has gotten worse after you have made moves to control it.
In the event that you are pregnant and worried about your swollen feet, it is essential to tell your obstetrician or your primary care doctor.
Individuals who have swollen feet now and again or who can pinpoint the reason for the swelling (for instance, the beginning of a new job that obliges standing throughout the day) shouldn’t see a doctor.
On the off chance that your feet keep on swelling even after you have done everything that you can in order to forestall swelling, you may need to see your main doctor or a podiatrist in order to figure out what is going on and how you can take care of it.
Individuals with swollen feet who are on their feet throughout the day for work may discover help by using orthotics or by getting shoes that are a better fit for the type of work that they are doing.
So yes, there are a lot of reasons that you could have swollen feet, but if you keep an eye on them, you’re going to be more likely to know when it’s “common” and when it has become a problem.
Swollen feet can cause you a lot of issues, so if you don’t get them taken care of quickly, it can grow into something much worse.
Your feet are a precious resource, so if you don’t get them taken care of now, you may regret it as other problems become evident in the future. Take care of your swollen feet as soon as possible.